August 18, 2019

Coyote Now Blamed For Increased Levels of Lyme Disease

I would suppose the findings in a recent study should add another nail in the coffin of the coyote, a resilient, perpetuating varmint that spreads disease, kills far too many prey species and in many cases interrupts the pursuit of life, liberty and happiness of people.

This new study suggests that the increased presence of coyotes, reduces the populations of red fox, a smaller varmint that more readily feasts on the small mice that are the major culprits of carrying and spreading the Lyme tick.

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Claim: Forest Fragmentation Causes More Ticks – My Answer: Bull!

Hat tip to Reader “Bonedog” for providing the links and the forest growth chart provided.

People with personal agendas assume the majority of people are ignorant and swallow their foolish nonsense without uttering a word or even questioning ridiculous reasoning and flawed logic.

Found in the Sacramento Bee, via PR Newswire, an article claims that the increase in ticks and tick-borne disease is on the rise in the United States due to forest fragmentation. The article describes fragmentation as: “large woodlands are split into smaller, more isolated sections for such uses as building roads, shopping centers or housing developments.”

Blaming forest fragmentation for increased ticks and disease might be an easier pill to swallow if the reasoning used to convince people that building anything is bad, made any real sense. Let’s first consider that this article, while it doesn’t come right out and say it precisely, implies that because of this so-called forest fragmentation and increased roads, chopped up forests, shopping centers and housing developments, there aren’t enough forests left for ticks to live in, therefore they are forced to live in our backyards.

Not that one chart of information is the answer to all tick problems, before a person makes such claims, perhaps they should consider the chart below. (Also found here.)

As compared to 1880, all 16 counties in the state of Maine have more forested areas in 1995. Many of those counties have remarkable increases. Consider Cumberland County, where Maine’s largest city, Portland, can be found. In 1880, 50% of the county was forested. Today that number is over 70%. Statewide, Maine was 62% forested in 1880 and in 1995 that number has grown to just shy of 90%. While this only speaks for Maine, which is heavily infested with ticks this season, one has to question a person’s conclusions about forest fragmentation and tick and tick-related disease growth.

But this isn’t all. The article states that with more people building and moving into the suburbs: “human and pet interaction with ticks and tick hosts naturally escalated.” No argument here. Here’s a quote from Michael W. Dryden, DVM, MS, PhD, a distinguished professor of parasitology at the College of Veterinary Medicine at Kansas State University:

There are clearly more ticks in more places than ever before, and a big part of that equation is forest fragmentation.

The fine doctor’s claim is that there are more ticks because there’s less forests, and forests are where ticks need to live and therefore with less forests, due to fragmentation, there are more ticks. Am I getting this right?

The article further states that: “The conditions created by forest fragmentation are conducive to the proliferation of ticks.” According to the article, ticks are forced to feed more on the blood of their hosts, i.e. deer and white-footed mice, “since many other species that ticks feed off of cannot survive in fragmented environments. So, both the disease-carrying animals and infectious ticks are left to multiply.”

This might help explain a claim that there are more disease-infected ticks but it certainly runs counter to the claim that there are more ticks because there’s less forest or that it’s broken up. Isn’t it contradictory to claim that fewer species can survive in fragmented forests while at the same time claiming that ticks and deer and mice are growing prolifically in fragmented forests?

Clearly forest fragmentation is not a “big part of the equation” in the growing number of ticks in this country. I would concur that perhaps the increase in diseased ticks comes from a claim that other species that ticks feed on don’t do well in fragmented forests. I don’t have any data to support or refute that claim.

That still leaves us with some answered questions, however. Why are there more deer living in people’s backyards in these so-called fragmented forests? There are a few factors to consider. People build beautiful homes and create a great walk-up restaurant of fine shrubbery and grasses for deer to feed on. Deer also are moving out of the forests to escape overblown populations of predators, i.e. wolves, coyotes, bears, lions, bobcat, etc. Deer aren’t stupid. They will go where the food is fine and the risk of being eaten alive by large predators is greatly reduced. That’s a fact.

With clearly more forests available today than 100 years ago, and the efforts by environmentalists and animal rights groups to protect predators, deer are drawn and forced into closer proximity with people. Naturally deer are a host of the ticks. They engorge themselves on the blood of deer and drop off and sometimes landing on people and biting them.

To claim that forest fragmentation causes more ticks is bogus and smells terribly of agenda-driven rhetoric. I call bull! If the concern is over people and pets, let’s get it right. Help people understand how to make their backyards non attractive to deer or other tick host species. In addition, educate people to the truths about how predators effect deer and other prey species and allow for the sensible control of those predators to create healthier forests and wildlife. Certainly disease-carrying ticks being transported around by deer does not for a healthy forest make.

Tom Remington

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Scientists find fungus that kills Lyme disease-carrying ticks

BRIDGEPORT, Conn. — Local scientists have found a way to control the ticks responsible for passing Lyme disease on to humans. A new natural pesticide, derived from a strain of fungus that is deadly to the black-legged tick could help keep tick populations under control.

Unlike some synthetic pesticides that can be dangerous for more than just ticks, the fungus does not harm honeybees, earthworms or other beneficial insects.<<<Read the entire article>>>

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Rabies, Wolves and Tyranny

Guest blog by Jim Beers:

Upon return from a recent 4,000 mile drive through the Southwestern and Western US, my inbox contained numerous requests for information about wolves as vectors of rabies. The following tome on this important matter is an attempt to inform 21st century Americans about something they have conveniently forgotten. I make no apology for its length: if you find it boring, you would never do anything to right this wrong anyway.

Who doesn’t know “about” rabies? Bats get rabies and it spreads quickly through their numbers. All animals contracting rabies die a slow, painful death during which they bite and injure other animals thereby spreading rabies. Dogs “get” rabies shots (preventative vaccines) not only to protect humans and other animals but because of nationwide laws that mandate such shots under strict and heavy penalties. Rabies “shots” for persons or animals suspected of having contracted rabies are not as painful or intimidating (a series of shots from a large hypodermic in the stomach area) as they used to be but failure to get quick treatment can surely end in death.

The World Health Organization tells us:
– “All wild and domestic animals can contract and spread rabies.”
– “If symptoms develop, rabies is nearly always fatal.”
– “55,000 people per year die from rabies.”
– “15 million people per year receive treatment for rabies thus saving an estimated 327,000 human lives per year.”
– “99% of all human rabies is contracted from dogs.”
– Most rabies cases are in Asia and Africa.”

Many years ago I worked with another USFWS law enforcement officer that had to “get rabies shots” in the late 1940’s. He was bitten by a muskrat thrown into an airboat during a night bird banding operation in Canada for molting ringneck ducks. The vaccine in those days was made with an albumen base and he could never again eat anything (cake, bread, biscuit -anything) made with egg whites without a violent reaction that might kill him.

To paraphrase a vicious animal rights maven (A boy is a rat, etc.); a wolf is a dog is a coyote. Wolves, dogs (all of them), and coyotes interbreed freely and produce fertile offspring. “Fertile offspring” is a clue. “Fertile” means that, unlike mules produced by crossing horses and donkeys,
wolf/dog crosses are simply another dog or wolf as the case may be like the puppies produced when your neighbors Labrador “gets at” (to be sensitive here) your basset hound when she is “in heat”.

For purposes of this discussion; wolves are wild dogs, dogs are domesticated wolves, and coyotes are smaller (i.e. than wolves) wild dogs. Dogs live in and around human habitations. Coyotes live generally solitary lives in and around where they are born. Wolves range far and wide while ranging mostly in family groups or “packs”. They each eat fresh meat whenever available ranging from wild animals to domestic animal of all types including other dogs/wolves/coyotes. Depending on their size (from 150 lb. wolves to 10 lb. daschound), physical attributes (from short legs to “pug’ face to the
massive jaw strength of wolves), and environment (from Northern forests to Long Island mansion); all of them are quite capable of killing large animals and even family members of their owners. Each contracts, carries, and spread rabies. Dogs (in North America) get rabies shots. Wolves and coyotes get no shots (excepting of course those from a rifle). Wolves move in groups and therefore, like bats, rabies infections move swiftly to other wolves thereby magnifying their roles as vectors of this as well as many other diseases and infections.

Oh, and then there is the one big thing to never forget. Wolves; the largest, most dangerous, and most destructive of these animals; were purposely eradicated over a 200 year period from the Lower 48 (i.e. settled landscapes covered with human communities) States with two exceptions. The States ( like all the others that Constitutionally held authority over all “resident” wild animals) of Montana and Minnesota, with the consent of their residents tolerated small, remnant wolf populations that were controlled when attacks or property destruction occurred or when wolves appeared in locations where they were not tolerated. All wolves in the Lower 48 States today (including Montana and Minnesota) are there ONLY present because of federal intervention and protection. This means that when; as you are about to discover; a wolf or wolves spread rabies or attack a child or kill a camper or (all these and more are in store) never forget that they are present among us because of the manipulation of unjust federal power by environmental extremists, animal rights radicals, pandering politicians, prevaricating professors, and ruthless federal and state bureaucrats. Those involved have assured promotions, grants, bonuses, retirement positions, retirement to gated communities, salaries in the hundreds of thousands per
year, tenure, prestige, and vastly increased government power that some would call tyrannical as a result of their participation in this wolf return to the Lower 48 States.

What you are about to read was NOWHERE mentioned in all the EIS’s and other government documents created to justify the wolf’s return. Contrast that fact with the way that drives to stop logging or a dam, close farming areas or irrigation projects, eliminate grazing or mining, prevent a pipeline or energy project, etc., generates reams of paper from taxpayer “studies” that serve as the basis for a lawsuit that either causes the citizen victim to go broke or submit to a government edict that destroys private property, communities, local governments, and all manner of human activities. What you are about to read, is but one small part of what was withheld from the public and small though it may be if it does not shake your confidence in “our” government, you aren’t paying attention.

THE WOLVES OF NORTH AMERICA by Stanley Young and Edward Goldman was published by the American Wildlife Institute in 1944. It is a 600 page volume that attempts “to bring together the widely scattered literature of historical import concerning the wolves of North America, from the earliest times to the present day.” Stanley Young began his federal career as a government trapper and hunter in the western US for the Bureau of Biological Survey around the time of the First World War (1914-1918). At the time he wrote this book he was the Chief of Predator and Rodent Control in the US Fish and Wildlife Service in Washington, DC.

This book credits over 50 scientists and professors for their help in writing this book. There is an 80 page “References and Selected Bibliography”. There are 131 “Plates”, i.e. photos. There are 25 pages of
wolf skull comparisons and a long, un-numbered Index. Photos cover such diverse items as 11 whelp wolf litters and a truly ugly wolf/dog cross in Missouri to 6-7′ long wolf pelts (big wolves) and tidewater wolf trap sets in SE Alaska.

Although summarizing the wealth of knowledge in this book is a fool’s errand, let me cite and comment on a few items to give you a flavor for the text:

– Wolf presence and densities are always measured as relevant to “Human Welfare”; a quaint notion in our computer age.
– Wolves were finally extirpated after many centuries in England by 1500, in Scotland by 1743, and in Ireland by 1776 (a year also celebrated for another great liberation).
– Biblical references (from a bureaucrat?) such as Christ telling his Apostles “I send you forth as sheep in the midst of wolves” are not avoided. This obviously predated the ACLU et al.
– Wolf distribution maps cover nearly every square foot between Greenland and Point Barrow, Alaska to Central Mexico.
– Historical references and quotes from the likes of Puritan Roger Williams (“wolves are fierce bloodsucking persecutors”) to Teddy Roosevelt (wolves are “the beast of waste and desolation”) abound.
– Photos of wolf/coyote crosses and dog/wolf crosses to do everything from pull sleds to guard camps are interspersed with descriptions of how Beowulf means “War Wolf” and how 7th, 8th, and 9th century despots bore names like “Berthwolf”, “Cynewolf”, “Wulfstan”, “Wulfred”, “Wolfwig”, and Ceowulf” to scare and intimidate any challengers or restless serfs.
– How Oregon Wolf Organization meetings (to eradicate wolves) formed the basis for the formation of the Oregon Territorial government.
– How, in 1944 as he wrote, he stated that it would be admirable if wolves were allowed to exist in “Alaska and Northern Canada” but that “rigid control must be maintained where their presence clashes with human welfare”.

While the CONTENTS covers everything from “Fear of Man” and “Attacks on Man” (many, many documented accounts) to “Food of the Wolf” and “Denning and Rearing”, let us go to the 15 pages titled “Natural Checks, Parasites, and Diseases”. In fact, let us go to the five pages (nestled between descriptions of such diseases and infections as smallpox, distemper, tapeworms, gid, tick fevers, encephalitis, and tularemia et al) where RABIES is discussed.

Now 5 pages are a lot to type out for you by an old “hunt and pecker” like me; thus with your patient consent allow me to skim it for you.

RABIES (from WOLVES OF NARTH AMERICA)-

– “Probably one of the most prevalent diseases found in wolves is rabies.”

– “It is related in the ‘Annals Cambriae’ that in 1166 a rabid wolf at Caermarthen bit twenty-two persons, nearly all of whom died.”

– “The records show this disease to be widespread and at times, very severe. The Indians were fully cognizant of the disease and greatly feared it.”

– “The Indian people of the Great Plains at times suffered from hydrophobia (Rabies) caused by the bite of the great buffalo wolf afflicted with rabies. In their crazed condition the wolves sometimes invaded the camps of the people, snapping and biting at them, their dogs and horses. The people through fear shut themselves in their lodges.”

– Regarding rabid wolves, “they went alone roaming aimlessly about, lacking the motions of a hunting wolf, trotting along, at intervals making a circling movement, snapping at the tail or hind parts as they made the circle, keeping up a trot until lost sight of. When killed they showed marks of self-inflicted wounds.”

– Washington Irving recorded at a fur rendezvous: “During this season of folly and frolic there was an alarm of mad wolves in the two lower camps. One or more of these animals entered the camp three nights successively, and bit several of the people. Captain Bonneville relates the case of an Indian, who was a universal favorite in the lower camp. He had been bitten by one of these animals. Being out with a party shortly afterwards, he grew silent and gloomy, and lagged behind the rest as if he wished to leave them. They halted and urged him to move faster, but he entreated them not to approach him, and, leaping from his horse began to roll frantically on the earth gnashing his teeth and foaming at the mouth. Still he retained his senses, and warned his companions not to come near him, as he should not be able to restrain himself from biting them. They hurried off to obtain relief; but on their return he was nowhere to be found. His horse and accoutrements remained on the spot. Three or four days afterward, a
solitary Indian, believed to be the same was observed crossing a valley, and pursued; but he started away into the fastness of the mountains and was seen no more. One of the men of the Rocky Mountain Fur Company had been bitten. He set out shortly afterwards, in company with two white men, on his return to the settlements. In the course of a few days he showed symptoms of hydrophobia, and became raving towards night. At length, breaking away from his companions, he rushed into a thicket of willows, where they left him to his fate.”

– Alexander Henry reported in his 1800 Journal, “Last night the wolves were very troublesome; they kept up a terrible howling at the fort, and even attempted to enter Maymiutch’s tent. A large white one came boldly to the door and was advancing toward a young child, when he was shot dead. Some of them are very audacious. I have known them to follow people for several days, attempt to seize a person or dog, and to be kept off only by firearms. It does not appear that hunger makes them so ferocious, as they have been known to pass carcasses of animals, which they might have eaten to their fill, but they would not touch flesh; their only object seeming to be that of biting. The Canadians swear that these are mad wolves and are very much afraid of them. (Red River near Grand Forks, N.D.)”

– “Mc Gowan believed that the wolf is very much of a carrion eater when there is famine in the land. And furthermore at such times mange is not uncommon and outbreaks of rabies have also been noted by trappers and traders.”

– “Recording his observations in Greenland, as in Canada, Freuchen states ‘Wolves, foxes, and ermines can be infected by it (rabies) and will attack all the dog teams they come across, or at any rate will make no attempt to get out of the way. Until the last moment, and then they will bite thus transferring the infection to the team.'”

– “Mad wolves were apparently recognized by the early trapper-explorers of the Far West. A day or so later (1833) we learned that a mad wolf had got into Mr. Fontenelle’s camp about 5 miles from us and bitten some of his men and horses.. Larpenteur had one of his bulls bitten, which later ‘went mad’ and died shortly after being bitten. As a result of the bitings, George Holmes, a member of the Rocky Mountain Fur Company, became afflicted with rabies, and died a horrible and agonizing death.”

– “According to Lt. Col. Dodge Indians say that wolves, not unfrequently go mad, rush into their villages and do great damage. The following most interesting and perfectly authenticated facts are taken from the record of the Hospital at Fort Larned on the Arkansas River. ‘On the 5th August, at 10 PM, a rabid wolf of the large gray species, came into the post and charged round most furiously. He entered the hospital and attacked Corporal ____, who was lying sick in bed, biting him severely in the left hand and right arm. The left little finger was nearly taken off. The wolf next dashed into a party of ladies and gentlemen sitting in Colonel ___’s porch and bit Lieutenant ___ severely in both legs. Leaving there he soon afterward attacked and bit Private ___ in two places. This all occurred in
an incredibly short period of time; and although the above mentioned were the only parties bitten, the animal left the marks of his presence in every quarter of the garrison. He moved with great rapidity, snapping at everything within his reach, tearing tents, window curtains, bed-clothing, etc., in every direction. The sentinel at the guard-house fired over the animal’s back while he ran between the man’s legs. Finally, he charged upon a sentinel at the haystack, and was killed by a well directed and most
fortunate shot. He was a very large wolf, and his long jaws and teeth presented a most formidable appearance.”

– Indians “say that the appearance of mad wolves in their village is not infrequent; that the time of year at which they are most often seen is in the months of February and March; that once having entered the village, the wolf will make no attempt to leave it, but will rush furiously from place to place until he is disabled; and that in no instance have any of them ever known a person to recover after having received the smallest scratch from the teeth of the rabid animal.”

– Regarding Mexican sheep herders, “whenever a member of a party became afflicted with rabies as a result of the bite of a mad wolf, his companions would seldom associate with him , believing ‘all would die if they associated with him.'”

– “To what extent rabies was a factor in the elimination of wolves east of the Mississippi to the Atlantic seaboard is not definitely known. Dodderidge was of the opinion that the wolves formerly so numerous and destructive to the cattle are now seldom heard of in our older settlements. It may seem strange that this ferocious and cunning animal, so long the scourge of the mountain districts of Europe, should have so suddenly disappeared from the country. He believed the wolves died of hydrophobia.”

– “Hutyera and Marek describe wolves throughout the world as being involved in the spread of rabies.”

Knowing about all this as I do, I am still chilled to type it out for you. Why Americans were re-exposed to this deadly threat by their own government is a travesty of unimaginable proportion. Men, women, and children will die – FOR WHAT? Those that perpetrated this, just like the USFWS big wigs that stole millions from state fish and wildlife hunting and fishing funds to illegally introduce the wolves, have no responsibility for the carnage they have and will wreak.

As an old USFWS bureaucrat I should say, “Just move along citizens, there is nothing to see here. Move along.”

As a father, grandfather, and concerned American, I say; “Wake up America. They have LIED (the right term) to you. They have taken advantage of you and betrayed you. If you do nothing about this – Nothing will ever get done.”

From the top down we are suffering from tyranny and tyranny left unchecked, like those rabid wolves, only gets worse. The Endangered Species Act should either be repealed or severely amended. Unless and until authority over animals like wolves is returned to state governments responsive to local community governments where wolves exist, rural Americans will die like Christian martyrs in the Coliseum for the entertainment of urban mobs necessary for the continued power of despots and their sycophants.

Jim Beers
15 February 2012

Jim Beers is a retired US Fish & Wildlife Service Wildlife Biologist, Special Agent, Refuge Manager, Wetlands Biologist, and Congressional Fellow. He was stationed in North Dakota, Minnesota, Nebraska, New York City, and Washington DC. He also served as a US Navy Line Officer in the western Pacific and on Adak, Alaska in the Aleutian Islands. He has worked for the Utah Fish & Game, Minneapolis Police Department, and as a Security Supervisor in Washington, DC. He testified three times before Congress;
twice regarding the theft by the US Fish & Wildlife Service of $45 to 60 Million from State fish and wildlife funds and once in opposition to expanding Federal Invasive Species authority. He resides in Eagan, Minnesota with his wife of many decades.

Jim Beers is available to speak or for consulting. You can receive future articles by sending a request with your e-mail address to: jimbeers7@comcast.net

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Are There Now Rabid Wolves in Idaho?

*Scroll Down for Updates*

Nearly six years ago, we learned that two-thirds of all wild wolf carcasses examined in Idaho were infected with tapeworms of the echinococcus granulosus variety that, if contracted by humans can cause hydatid cysts on major body organs, such as lungs, liver, brain, etc. There also exists now human cases of hydatid disease in Idaho; extremely difficult to diagnose, more difficult to treat, surgery being the only option, and potentially deadly.

Now, it appears the possibility exists that wolves are being found in Idaho that have rabies.

During the drafting of the Environmental Impact Statement of 1994, before the reintroduction of wolves into the Greater Yellowstone area, some scientists shared their concerns over the impact of disease that wolves are known to carry; many of which are harmful to humans and livestock, and in some cases, potentially deadly. Echinococcus granulosis and rabies, only two of the approximate 30 diseases these canines carry. Those concerns were essentially ignored.

Now, citizens of Idaho, appear to have another canine disease to concern themselves with. Indications are that some wolves in portions of Idaho may have rabies.

I was included in an email exchange over the weekend of one person’s account of unusual wolf behavior and the role being played out by the Idaho Department of Fish and Game. Below is a copy of the email. I have decided to omit certain personal information about the author of the email, not because they requested it but because I believe it is a responsible thing to do considering the sick and mentally twisted freaks who dot our landscape. Enough said.

Will Graves, author of “Wolves in Russia: Anxiety Through the Ages” and the person to whom the email below was first sent to, sought permission from “Jennifer” to share the letter and information below. Graves made the following comment:

“In my opinion it is very strange under the circumstances you explained in this email that the Idaho FWP has not released the lab results on these two wolves. The public must be informed on what these two wolves died from. In my opinion it is grossly irresponsible not to release these pertinent lab reports to the general public.

It takes from one to three days to determine if an animal with rabid like symptoms was infected with rabies or not. There could possibly be some extenuating circumstances. Of course, if the animal were shot in the head to kill it, then rabies could probably not be confirmed.”

Graves was able to later confirm that the wolf had not been shot in the head.

“The wolf died on its own, no one shot it in the head ( it took 3 days for it to die ). The man told me they called Idaho F& G approximately 2 hours after the wolf died. He would not tell me the address of the house where it happened.He was really afraid.”

Here is the email letter.

~~~~~

We were awoken at 3:35 am on Saturday the 11th Feb. 2012, with wolves harassing our Akbash / Pyrenees cross guard dogs. We could hear one of the wolves growing from our bedroom window, it was on the other side of the fence along the road that goes by our home and barn. The two guard dogs were up against the front door of the house completely frightened and trying to hide. Kevin my husband went out and was growled at in the dark by one of the wolves from behind him on the road. He was trying to see them with a million watt hand held light. But they were ducked down in a snow filled ditch with water flowing from *** Creek across the road. They ran off.

In the morning at first light I went out to see were the tracks went and to try to figure out how many wolves there were as its very difficult to see tracks in the dark. The tracks were clear to see and the size of my hand 6″ X 3″ stride length of about 60″. They exited on the main road east towards Hailey.

A truck pulled into a turnout above our home. I was tracking in on the movement of the two wolves by our field and fence line. The man had his window down and asked if I had seen any wolves, I told him we had them at our place last night harassing the two guard dogs that were out in the fenced yard. We talked for about 30 minutes about wolves in the area. After that he mentioned to me that his friend that lives in Starweather subdivision had a really skinny wolf show up next to his drive way convoluting and drooling. He said his friend was hoping it would go away as he did not want the controversy from certain wolf defenders and people in town. He said It took three days for the wolf to die . The last night he thought it would perish because it was extremely cold, but when he went out in the morning it was still in convolutions but lying down and foaming on the muzzle and drooling from its mouth. A short time later he said it died. They decided to call Fish and Game. Local Lee Garwood of Fish and Game with another officer arrived and took the dead wolf carcus away. The man told me that they were told NOT to tell anyone and that they had picked up another wolf from the Fairfield pack in Fairfield that had the same symptoms months ago. The man told me they had been frightened to tell anyone and the following week his friend called Lee Garwood the Fish and Game Officer and asked him what the wolf died of. Lee Garwood told him they did not know and it would take weeks before they knew anything on why it died. The two men thought it was strange. When the man told me all of this he was really scared and did not want me to tell anyone about it. He drove away.

I went back to our house and called Will Graves immediately because I thought it could be rabies. Two years ago I sent Will graves and Steve Alder, Wildlife For Idaho the news paper articles on the fly fisher man that had a rabid bat stuck on his fishing vest on the Wood River in Green horn Gulch area.. Three other people had to have a rabies shot series because of rabid bats in that area too. There is a bad bat colony somewhere in that vicinity. Then I called Lee Garwood next and he told me that he did not want me scaring people right now and he had two wolf hunters out working on it, killing the wolves in Green horn and not to be worried or alarmed. I told Lee we had an very aggressive wolf growling by our fence early that morning. We thought it was unusual behavior. Then I called Steve Alder to report it and get his expert help as I was really concerned that it could be rabies not distemper or parvo. Distemper did not fit the convolutions and the length of time it took to die. Will Graves talked it over with Val Giest in Canada and both thought it sounded like stage three rabies. The last wolf that growled and charged me and my dog in my yard had an imbedded leather tracking collar with a dead battery. The collar was rotting in its neck and it was desperately trying to eat and it was starving. So we thought something must be really wrong with the growling wolf at the fence. Lee Garwood told me he would come by in person at 12:00 the next day to talk to us in person. He did come on Saturday and Lee informed my husband Kevin that it was a 60 pound very skinny looking and light in weight female wolf. He personally seemed very surprised that Fish and Game had not released the discovery on what killed the female wolf or the other one in Fairfield yet. He told Kevin my husband to not scare people and keep it quite as they did not need mass hysteria going around town. He said maybe an Elk kicked it in the head or it had a bone splinter in its guts.

Steve we are sending this to you in hopes that maybe you can get the Governor to get the report released from Fish and Game ASAP on what killed the wolf in Starweather subdivision Hailey, ID and what killed the wolf in Fairfield, ID months ago that they took away to be examined. Being extremely concerned and knowing information in other states on rabies it usually only takes 24 hours to find out if an animal is rabid, why are they waiting this long to release a report? And why is the Fish and Game officer having two hunters try and kill wolves in Greenhorn Gulch area. If it is rabies we have to inform the public now!! And take action. I thought that’s why we have Idaho Fish and Game to manage the wildlife, keeping hazardous heath information from the citizens of the United States Of America is not their job. I hope the wolves that died got kicked in the head by the elk, or bone fragments in the guts and that’s all. But the more time that goes by, the more guilty and withholding this appears. What say you!

Jennifer ********

*Update: February 14, 2012 – 8:30 a.m.*

Through inquiry by the Idaho for Wildlife, a response was received from Jerome Hansen, Idaho Department of Fish and Game, concerning testing results and/or information about the two wolves referred to above. I’ll paste the entire comment from Hansen:

“Hi Steve,

Thanks for the email. I have received feedback from Lee Garwood (Conservation Officer in Hailey, Dr. Mark Drew (our Veterinarian), and Steve Roberts, (Conservation Officer in Fairfield).

On January 22, 2012, Officers Garwood and Morris responded to a call about a sick or injured wolf in a driveway in the Starweather subdivision (North of Hailey). The wolf was collected and sent to our Veterinarian in Boise for necropsy. Dr. Drew told us today that he had necropsied the wolf about a week after receiving it. It was negative for rabies. The rest of the lab work is still outstanding, as to the actual cause of being so thin.

We don’t know what wolf north of Fairfield Jennifer is referring to. We did find 6 wolves dead north of Fairfield in the summer of 09, but after lab work, the most likely cause of death was determined to be Parvo. If we can provide any more info, don’t hesitate to ask.
Take care,
Jerome”

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