August 21, 2019

Results of Echinococcus Sampling Project

*Editor’s Note* – The below is a response that was posted by Tim Kemery, Field Coordinator Custer County WPCA (Western Predator Control Association), to an individual in Idaho who claimed that Echinococcus granulosus was not a problem in Idaho. It is republished here with permission from the author.

Dear ____________,

In response to your inquiry last week of our Echinococcus Sampling Project in Central Idaho, permit me to give you a brief Overview of the Project, its Intent, and Results of the Sampling Project so far.

Project Overview: In 2011 Custer County Idaho thru the efforts of its Commissioners, delegated the responsibility of collecting Fecal and Organ samples from multiple species of local Wildlife, to a Team of County residents trained in Sampling Protocols. These samples were, and are then sent to Colorado State University for analysis.

Species of Wildlife being sampled include Big Horn Sheep, Moose, Elk, Deer, Wolves, Coyotes, Fox,
Pine Marten, Raccoon, and Skunk. Domestic ungulates are being closely monitored by the Team’s Medical Officer Dr. Rod Evans but samples from these species have not been sent for analysis as of this time.

Project Intent: Responding to a lack of Data pertaining to the spread of Hydatid Disease by introduced Canadian Grey Wolves in Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming, Custer County Commissioners intend to determine what percentage of the introduced Wolves are infected by the Echinoccocus granulosus (E.g.) tapeworm, and to what level the other Wildlife species have been infected.

As Analysis Data from the Colorado State Lab is being received by the Team, County and State Officials as well as Federal Agencies are being briefed on the results. This liaison between the Sampling Project and Local Agencies is clarifying the need for regulatory mechanisms to be rapidly implemented to halt the spread of E.g on our Landscapes.

Implemented Regulations must include elimination of E.g sources as well as a Regimen of Safety Precautions that are available to the Public. The E.g Tapeworm Cycle must be understood by health officials if the contamination of our soil and water by this destructive organism is to be stopped.

Project Results: One encouraging result in the otherwise bleak outcome of this Project has been the ability of Custer County to take advantage of an ongoing Echinococcus Genotype Study taking place at Colorado State University. The Echinococcus Genotype Study is being headed by Lora R. Ballweber and co-authored by our Medical Officer Dr. Rod Evans.

As of this time no sample sent to Colorado State for analysis has shown any reference to the Echinococcus G1-G3 Sheep Strain. All samples from introduced Canadian Grey Wolves, Elk, Big Horn Sheep, and Deer have been the G8 and G10 Strains.

One very significant issue that has been highlighted by this Sampling Project has been the Invasive Origins of the G8/G10 Strains of Echinococcus. Both Strains are Eurasian and are not Native to our Western States.

Thanks to the sophistication the Genotype Study we can track our Idaho Echinococcus samples right back to the source wolves in Canada. This brings a much greater amount of clarity to several issues which we will soon be dealing with when it must be decided where funding sources for the cleanup will come from.

A tragic result of our sampling effort has been to see the aggressiveness of this Echinococcus Cervid Strain as it moves into our elk and deer herds. Our Moose populations which are already experiencing high wolf-predation mortality are particularly vulnerable to the E.g tapeworm and many infected animals are being found.

All Canadian Wolf samples have been positive with most (almost all) wolves heavily infested with both Taenia (Moose Measles) tapeworms and E.g G8/G10 tapeworms.

I am sorry __________ to not have an encouraging word for you but this is what science is all about, how do we take the Truth (Science), when we do not like the Prognosis and make management decisions?

Tim Kemery, Field Coordinator Custer County WPCA

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Concern Over Disease on Domestic Elk Ranches

It amazes me the depth of ignorance and the breadth of bad information that easily become emotionally intoxicating talking points when discussing animals and disease and the role of government. Anyone who has read my work understands I have little good regard for government but I have less regard for environmental, non governmental groups that love to play god, while forcing some to play by different rules than others.

In a recent opinion piece found in the Idaho Statesman, “GUEST OPINION CHRONIC WASTING DISEASE Idaho is just not doing right by its wildlife,” by John Caywood, all this is brought to the surface.

Several years ago I worked with the Idaho Elk Breeders to help educate and get the word out about that industry and to thwart the efforts of some, led mostly by the Idaho Department of Fish and Game (IDFG) and special interest groups, to shut down the domestic elk industry because of trumped up charges of irresponsible ranchers and the threat of spreading disease. It appears some of the same players are back at it again using emotional clap trap to push their agendas in a misaligned direction.

Please understand that those claiming there is a threat about the spread of disease wrongly are telling people that the threat comes from domestic elk spreading disease from the source of the ranch out into the rest of the world. How ignorantly absurd and flat out wrong!

Domestic elk ranches in Idaho have never had one reported case of chronic wasting disease, as seems to be the biggest concern of the letter writer, and from the many elk ranchers I have met and communicated with over the years, they tell me they fear that their animals will contract diseases from infected wildlife, of which the Idaho Department of Fish and Game seems to be deaf and dumb about.

An honest look into the history of chronic wasting disease will show that it just doesn’t appear on a ranch out of the blue. The State of Idaho has restrictions on the importation of livestock from states where disease is in existence. The actual threat that exists in this case is that the government-cared-for wildlife will infect a domestic cervid industry that has for years proven themselves to be responsible, dedicated and disease free. It’s absurd to think elk behind fences are threatening the wild deer, elk and moose of the state of Idaho.

But if we look at who’s making the noise over this change in regulations, it’s the same players as always. The writer evokes the virtues of the Idaho Sportsman’s Caucus Advisory Council (ISCAC), which historically has been a mish-mish of different people with a gripe claiming the several thousands of members on their side that don’t really exist. In addition, ISCAC has always been the mouthpiece for the Idaho Department of Fish and Game, and, once again, historically IDFG has opposed every aspect of the Idaho elk ranching industry, especially the hunting ranches.

The domestic elk industry in Idaho has an immense task on their hands keeping their livestock protected from the diseases present in the wild ungulate and other wildlife populations. Chronic wasting disease has been in Idaho for several years unknown by most and it didn’t get there from the elk ranchers inventing the disease but was imported into the state via carcasses of wild game.

If there is so much concern about disease in wild game animals coming from the elk industry, consider a few simple facts. One, elk ranchers are not interested in allowing disease into their businesses. Why would they? It’s their livelihood. There is no reason they and the Department of Agriculture would reduce the amount of disease testing, if it would threaten the elk industry. Two, they have proven that they run a clean ship, not because they have been testing every elk killed for disease for the past 15 plus years but because they have done everything right to protect their livestock from the disease on the outside of the fences in addition to following the import regulations. In short, they know what needs to be done. Third, wolves are known carries of well over 30 diseases, many of them harmful to humans as well as livestock. It is a known fact that at least 2/3rds of all wild wolves in Idaho contain the Echinococcus granulosus tapeworm that can be fatal to humans and create Hydatid cysts in the organs of elk. There is at least one well-documented case of human hydatidosis in Idaho. Wolves also spread Neospora caninum, which can cause abortions and neonatal mortality in livestock. All of this spread from outside the elk ranches.

And with all of this, IDFG still denies that there is any risk of disease from wolves and continue to place their hypocritical focus on the elk industry.

Maybe it’s time that the State of Idaho is required to test every one of their wild animals before being allowed to get near an elk ranch.

Tom Remington
Largo, Florida and Bethel, Maine

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Veterinarian Warns of “The Wolf Tapeworm”

Powell veterinarian warns of problems that may be spread by wolves

A nasty tapeworm found in Alaskan wolves has turned up in Park County and has infected multiple elk and four dogs, according to a Powell veterinarian.

State and federal officials say the risk of infecting humans is low, but veterinarian Ray Acker, who owns and operates Big Horn Animal Care Center in Powell, said it behooves hunters and dog owners to take precautions to protect themselves and their pets from the parasite.

Echinococcosis granulosus (E. granulosus) can infect and kill humans, but there have been no reported cases of human fatalities in Wyoming.

Acker said he fears it is only a matter of time before the tapeworm’s cysts invade humans and potentially kill them.

E. granulosus tapeworm can infect all carnivores, but wolves and other canines are the primary host. “You could call it the wolf tapeworm,” Acker said.<<<Read More>>>

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Wolf Hybrids Impersonating Wolves

The below video is an example of the hybrid wild canines being found all over Europe and being passed off as real wolves. These same hybrids are being protected, even to the point of serious criminal charges being levied against hunters who shot and killed one of these.

Note the coloring, pointed ears, convexly curved forehead, elongated and narrow snout, short legs, short body, and up-curved tail.

In addition, when an educated person considers the diseases these animals carry, specifically Echinococcus granulosus, note that aside from a few people wearing rubber gloves, very little care is taken to prevent the spread of potentially hazardous tapeworm eggs. I.E. the animal was examined in the mouth, on site, without gloves; lifting the animal and making contact with regular clothing; placing of the carcass into a plastic bag again taking little care; tossing into the back of a vehicle presumably used everyday by government officials; and even once to the laboratory, little care is taken.

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Minnesota Found E.G. in Moose in 1971 Knew Then Recruitment Non Sustainable

Image3290I must commend our good friend and ever vigilante researcher, Will Graves, for digging up a report containing data and other information from a report filed after the conclusion of a Minnesota moose hunt in 1971. It was reported that this moose hunt was the first allowed in 49 years in that state. The full report can be found at this link.

I suppose the first thing to note is the simple fact Echinococcus granulosus was found in the lungs of moose. As is a terrific way for biologists to collect data, mandatory check-ins by hunters provided opportunity for biologists to retrieve samples for testing. In addition to the taking of samples at the check stations, hunters were required to reveal the location of their moose kills in order that scientists could visit the site and retrieve more information from gut piles.

Over the past 6 or 8 years, there has been much discussion, at least in certain corners of the country, about the fact that wild canines, specifically being discussed are wolves, are the host species of the tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus. Tiny eggs embedded in and deposited all over the landscape through wolf scat, presents a situation in which wild ungulates, such as deer, elk and moose, while grazing, ingest these eggs. As part of the cycle, hydatid cysts can form in organs throughout the body. Perhaps the most common being the lungs, but also found in the liver, heart and brain. This is what was found in Minnesota.

Humans can also ingest these eggs, the result of which could be fatal. Hydatid cysts in humans is difficult, at best to detect, and perhaps even more so to treat. The greatest threat of humans contracting this disease is probably through contact with the domestic dogs, particularly those that live indoor and outdoor. While outdoors, family dogs can eat infected carrion and/or get the eggs onto their fur and in and around the mouths. Family dogs can be part of the cycle and if not properly de-wormed, can pose a very serious threat to members of the family who live with the dog. Imagine what is happening to you or your child, in the home, when the dog licks your hand or your child’s face.

The point of all this is to state that when some of us, being led by Will Graves, researcher and author of Wolves in Russia: Anxiety Through the Ages and co-author of The Real Wolf, along with George Dovel, editor of the Outdoorsman, Dr. Valerius Geist, professor emeritus University of Calgary, Dr. Delane Kritsky, noted parasitologist at Idaho State University, et. al., took to cyberspace and beyond to get the message out about Echinococcus granulosus, we were all told it didn’t exist and any talk of threats to humans was exaggerated and nothing to be concern with.

And now we discover that biologists in Minnesota over 40 years ago had discovered the presence of E.g. in moose in Minnesota. However, there is much more to this report that Will Graves has unearthed for us.

The moose hunt in Minnesota in 1971 took place in two regions of the state. (Please see map in linked-to report.) The two zones were separated by perhaps 100 miles. One zone located in and identified in the report as the Northeast and one zone in the Northwest. It is here stated that Echinocossus granulosus was “common in the northeast” and not so much in the northwest.

Fascioloides magna was the parasite in the northwest, while Taenia spp. and Echinococcus granulosus were common in the northeast.

I also find it interesting that with today’s prevalence of denial of the presence or risk of threat from Echinococcus granulosus, that biologists in 1971 were, along with other parasites, looking for Echinococcus granulosus. If it was something not of interest, why were they looking for it? Do you suppose over 40 years ago, scientists suspected, with the presence of wolves, moose might be infected?

Field crews investigated as many kill sites as possible. Lungs were examined for the presence of Hydatid cysts (Echinococcus granulosus) and lungworms (Dictyocaulus app.).

The biologists at the time where making the same examinations and taking the same samples from moose harvested in both the Northwest and Northeast hunting zones. What they found when comparing data between the two zones is tell-tale.

The Northeast zone, “carried larger loads of Echinococcus granulosus.” As a matter of fact, a considerably larger load. In the Northeast zone it was found that 60% of the moose carried Echinococcus granulosus. In the Northwest zone, only 10%. There must be an explanation.

The incidence of E. granulosus and Taenia spp. in the northeast is evidence of a higher timber wolf (Canis lupus) population in this part of the state.

43 years ago, wildlife biologists in Minnesota were willing to acknowledge that the higher the concentrations of wolves produced a higher incidence of Echinococcus granulosus in moose. It’s remarkable in a way, when we consider the deliberate roadblocks being constructed by some to prohibit any serious discussions and the educating of the public about this issue of Echinococcus granulosus and the potential threat it can have on humans.

But this isn’t all.

Most of us know that Minnesota is claiming that they don’t have understanding as to why the moose herd in that state is on a serious decline. Some want to blame it all on climate change, the collect-all excuse for everything these days, and a convenient means of covering up incompetence and political agendas. While the distractions and excuses continue to mount, it is my belief that officials in Minnesota pretty much have a distinct reasons and the proof of the beginnings of what has become, or soon will be, a predator pit and an unsustainable moose herd.

This report of 1971 clearly tells anybody interested in truth and facts that in the Northeast zone, where wolves were highly prevalent, the moose recruitment rate stood at such low levels, it would be only a matter of time before the moose would be gone.

Data from the aerial census and classification counts indicate a net productivity of 30-35% in the northwest and 9-15% in the northeast. This indicates a difference is occurring in the survival rate of calves in their first six months of life between the two areas. Area differences in nutrition, predation and parasitism may be responsible for these observed differences in net productivity.

If memory serves me correctly, in 1971 the United States was at the beginning stages of the fake “global cooling” flim-flam, but there was no talk and presentation of excuses as to how a planet, that was going to crumble and crack into millions of pieces due to cold, was responsible for a moose calf recruitment rate in Northeast Minnesota that anyone knew to be unsustainable.

With the environmentalists, which include the ignorant predator protectors and animal rights totalitarians, who want to create what they are attempting to coin as a “new understanding and a paradigm shift” about wolves and other predators, no longer to them are facts, history, real science or common sense anything worth considering. And that is the bottom line truth of what we are dealing with.

Tried and proven wildlife management, even the very basics, tells us that if there is not a high enough survival rate among the new born of any creature, to replace all other mortality, the species will not survive, at least in any sense of healthfulness. Instead, hidden behind other agendas, people want to replace this with “new understandings” and “shifting paradigms.”

Searching for “new understandings and paradigms” Minnesota is looking everywhere for the answer that stares them in the face. Wolves spread disease and devastate games herds and all wildlife and yet the “new understanding” is trying to tell us about trophic cascades and how the wolf creates nirvana.

Oh my God! We’ve actually come to this?

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Emergence of Sylvatic Echinococcus granulosus as a Parasitic Zoonosis of Public Health Concern in an Indigenous Community in Canada

Within a remote Canadian Indigenous community, at least 11* of people had antibodies against Echinococcus granulosus and E. granulosus eggs were detected in 6* of environmentally collected canine fecal samples. Dog ownership, hunting, and trapping were not risk factors for seropositivity, suggesting that people are most likely exposed to E. granulosus through indirect contact with dog feces in the environment. In this situation, human exposure could be most effectively curtailed by preventing consumption of cervid viscera by free-roaming dogs.<<<Read More>>>

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Spain Dealing With Attacking Wolves, Threat Exists for Disease

What may not be getting to these people is the information and education of the great risk they may have from diseases spread readily by wild canines. With so many accounts of so many wolves near people’s homes and along the highway, diseases such as Echinococcus granulosus threaten the health of all people. Wolves infected with the tapeworm, will leave dangerous spores in their feces. People in the outdoors and in particular domestic dogs and other animals can easily get these eggs on their fur and transport them into the homes where children and adults can easily ingest them.

Wolves attacking livestock, human beings and destroying wild animals and game, is a completely different subject than dealing with the disease aspect of wolves.

Wolves in Avila, Spain attack calf in broad daylight beside the highway.

Original Spanish edition:

“Just listen to the roars of the animal, the two men ran across the road. But despite arriving in a few minutes, allowing them to see in person the wolf, and could do nothing to save the calf, which had been attacked by the hindquarters.”

English Translation edition:

Sheep attack and kill 11 sheep in Las Navas del Marqués, in the place El Saltillo, Spain. This is the 15th attack in 3 months.

Original Spanish edition:

“The Young Farmers Agricultural Association (Asaja) Avila has denounced a new wolf attack in the town of Las Navas del Marqués, in the place El Saltillo, which caused early Thursday in the deaths of eleven sheep and caused numerous abortions in the flock.”

English Translation edition:

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Hydatid Cysts in Elk and Unexplained Worms

The information for this article came to me from various sources of emails. In an email sent to Idaho for Wildlife, pictures of hydatid cysts infecting a recently harvested elk and a brief story are shared.

“Greeting Steve, my name is XXXXX XXXXX[Feb. 3, 2014 – name was removed per request of the person.]. I live in Cascade, Idaho. I saw the flyer on the hytadid elk disease on a flyer at a store in Donnelly, Idaho.

The attached pics are from a cow elk my wife shot last week a few miles north of Donnelly in Valley County. Lesions look the same. The entire elk was infested with tiny white worms. Every part of it. They were entirely thoughout all the meat. If you look in the pics closely the worms are kinda straight but wiggly shaped. I had a IDFG Officer inspect it. He got on the phone with the biologists at headquarters in Caldwell and they requested a sample and condemned the elk. They requested I bury it which I did. I looked over your groups website and thought I should forward this to you. Call me if you would like to discuss.”

XXXXX XXXXXX[Feb. 3, 2014, Name was removed per request of the person.]

All photos can be enlarged to full size for more precise viewing. Just click on the image and then click again on the following page.

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The following is information sent to me by Lynn Stuter pertaining to the photos above.

“Like many of you, I received the following e-mail,

The attached pics are from a cow elk my wife shot last week a few miles north of Donnelly in Valley County. Lesions look the same. The entire elk was infested with tiny white worms. Every part of it. They were entirely thoughout all the meat. If you look in the pics closely the worms are kinda straight but wiggly shaped. I had a IDFG Officer inspect it. He got on the phone with the biologists at headquarters in Caldwell and they requested a sample and condemned the elk. They requested I bury it which I did. I looked over your groups website and thought I should forward this to you. Call me if you would like to discuss.

For those who don’t have ready access to a map, Donnelly is a ways south of McCall in Idaho. In looking at the attached pictures, at least some of the cysts, in the lungs, appear to be Hydatid cysts, ungulates being the intermediate host to the Echinococcus granulosus tapeworm.

I sent the pictures to Dr Valerius Geist. In part he responded, “please spread the word to open suspicious cysts, cut it with your knife, to expose the hydatid sand.” The “Hydatid sand” Dr Geist speaks of is the tapeworm heads that look like sand in the fluid that exists inside the cyst. If the cyst is full of tapeworm heads, you know the animal had Hydatid.

While some may fear contracting Hydatid by doing this, know that the tapeworm heads must be ingested by a canine (wolf, coyote, dog) to become adult tapeworms capable of producing eggs. The tapeworm heads are not a threat to humans, only the eggs of the Echinococcus granulosus tapeworm that causes Hydatid are a threat to humans. If ingested by a human, the eggs hatch in the intestines, burrow through the intestinal wall, enter the vascular system, and usually travel to the liver or lungs, where Hydatid cysts are formed.

Of course, if gutting an infected animal at the residence, be sure to secure and remove the guts (offal) so the family dog does not get into them, ingest the tapeworm heads, and become infected with the Echinococcus granulosus tapeworm, thereby spreading the eggs in its feces around and in the home, eggs that are a threat to humans and especially to small children who play in the grass and on the floor in the home.

The worms in the meat of this elk would not be Echinococcus granulosus as the tapeworm heads, found in the Hydatid cyst, must be ingested by a canine (wolf, coyote, dog) to develop into mature tapeworms. If a cyst is ruptured, inside the host animal, the result is most often anaphylactic shock followed by death. This is also true with humans. There is always an exception to the rule, however. If a cyst is ruptured, and the host does not go into anaphylactic shock and die, the tapeworm heads do not infect the meat and become mature tapeworms; the tapeworm heads that survive form new cysts inside the host.

What the worms are, in the meat of this elk, is yet to be determined.”

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A Warning for Hunters, Trappers and all Outdoor Enthusiasts

hydatidcystsonelklungs

*Editor’s Note* – This article first appeared in the Bethel Citizen

Open Air
with Tom Remington
A Warning for Hunters, Trappers and all Outdoor Enthusiasts

Earlier in this news publication I shared an article about a potentially dangerous tapeworm that is being spread across the landscape by wild carnivores. In Maine it is mostly being done by the state’s version of wolf/coyote hybrid.

I realize Maine is in the midst or end of bear and moose hunting seasons, but trapping season is about to gear up, deer hunting season is on the doorstep and many people are taking to the fields and streams to peep at some leaves and get in some late summer and early fall hikes. This is perhaps the busiest time for people to be outside and in the forests and fields.

I would like to take a moment to alert readers to precautions they can take that will lesson any chances of contracting Hydatid disease, the result of infections perpetuated by Echinococcus granulosus (E.g.) tapeworm eggs. It is these eggs found in the feces of wild canines that offers the greatest threat to humans in the outdoors. Perhaps I can put it in a perspective that’s more easily understood.

It has been estimated that during a 15-year period, the Greater Yellowstone area has probably been blessed with some 2.8 million wolf droppings (1,500-2,000 wolves). Add to that coyotes and other canines and the numbers skyrocket. The short of it is, that in areas where E.g. exists, the landscape is polluted with egg-infested wild canine droppings. Keep this in mind. While unofficial, some estimates put wolf/coyote populations in Maine between 20,000 and 30,000.

Here are my suggestions, and please visit tomremington.com and seek the menu near the top, “Wildlife Diseases” for more information.

These suggestions are mostly geared to hunters and trappers but apply the guidelines to your outdoor activity.

1. Never disturb wolf/coyote droppings. The E.g. eggs are tiny spores that cling and can become air-born if disturbed. They are viable in heat and cold as well as in water.
2. Handling game should be done with caution. Assume Hydatid cysts are present in all game and on the landscape. Use rubber gloves. Avoid any contact with mouth or eyes and open cuts. Although it is highly unlikely infections can be transmitted to humans by rupturing a cyst, it is possible. Therefore, try to avoid rupturing any cysts. Bear in mind some rupturing may have occurred from gun shot or trauma.
3. Make sure to properly cook any meat before consumption. Again the odds of ingesting fluid from a ruptured cyst are slim, heat will kill it.
4. Trappers must exercise extreme caution when handling coyotes/foxes/canines. Assume eggs persist on all parts of the animal’s fur and mouth/tongue.
5. Wash and sanitize outdoor clothing. Eggs can cling to shoes, boots, clothing, hands, hair, traps, etc.
6. If outdoors with dog, wash dog as soon as possible. You don’t know everything your dog has been into while outside. I suggest leaving the dog outdoors.
7. Realize that just a walk in the woods, the fields and forests, they are contaminated with millions of piles of scat. This gets picked up on the feet of animals and humans, gets spread around and is brought home on boots, pants, etc. Birds, flies, butterflies can spread the eggs.

Remember the biggest threat comes from getting the E.g. eggs into your mouth or lungs through breathing. Assume that in the outdoors, the eggs may be everywhere and on anything. Proceed accordingly.

While historically Hydatid disease has not been known to be a problem in the United States, it is in parts of the world where people have dealt with wolves and coyotes for centuries. In Romania, medical reports show that from 1979-1988, 8,557 people contracted Hydatid disease: 516 died.

Please use caution and take steps to reduce threats of infection.

You can find more information on this subject and many others dealing with hunting, fishing, trapping and the outdoors at tomremington.com.

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Spotlight on Nasty Parasites: Echinococcus granulosus

Did you know that some dogs might have a tapeworm in their small intestine that can cause the development of large cysts in people’s livers, lungs, and brains? This is not very common in the United States currently, though there are cases reported periodically (2), but in some areas of the world it is a huge problem. An infection that can spread from animals to humans or vice-versa is called a zoonotic infection.<<<Read the Rest>>>

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