December 5, 2022

Rare Double Litter Wolf Packs?

The Jackson Hole News and Guide has an article about “rare” large wolf packs, stating that the Lava Mountain Pack is the biggest in the West, boasting a brood of 24 and describing it as, not only “rare” but composed of a “double litter.”

I find it odd that the article quotes Mike Jimenez, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s (USFWS) regional wolf coordinator, calling the double litter “uncommon” along with the rarity of a pack of wolves numbering 24, while spending several paragraphs to explain the history of the many large packs of wolves in the West, including some larger than the Lava Mountain Pack. It has now become a common occurrence to read and hear about “Superpacks” sometimes numbering around 200.

Another issue that sent up a red flag for me was about the double litter, or the “uncommon” multiple litters and “rare” large packs. Dr. David Mech once wrote:

“Calling a wolf an alpha is usually no more appropriate than referring to a human parent or a doe deer as an alpha. Any parent is dominant to its young offspring, so “alpha” adds no information. Why not refer to an alpha female as the female parent, the breeding female, the matriarch, or simply the mother? Such a designation emphasizes not the animal’s dominant status, which is trivial information, but its role as pack progenitor, which is critical information. The one use we may still want to reserve for “alpha” is in the relatively few large wolf packs comprised of multiple litters. … In such cases the older breeders are probably dominant to the younger breeders and perhaps can more appropriately be called the alphas. … The point here is not so much the terminology but what the terminology falsely implies: a rigid, force-based dominance hierarchy.”””(emboldening added)

Because wolves are a brand new species in the Lower 48 states, at least in modern times, we know comparatively little about wolf behavior and hierarchical structures of packs and everything that influences them. In addition, if we add to this complicated matter the existence of inbreeding, interbreeding, cross-breeding, we end up with the existence within wolf packs of things we know little about.

Forcing humans and wolves to share space may be causing much of these problems of inbreeding, interbreeding and cross-breeding. Studies tell us that there is ample cross-breeding going on all over the world. One example is a study done that showed how wolves in contact with livestock attending dogs regularly cross-breed.

This disruption is believed by some to be at least partly to blame for changes in inbreeding and interbreeding between pack members, resulting in double or multiple litters.

An Alaska Fish and Game report, states the need to determine what was causing very large increases in wolf populations and the effects, of not only a large population of wolves, but populations of wolves within packs with double or multiple litters. The report states:

…it remained unclear whether inbreeding, possibly as a consequence of social disruption, contributed to multiple pregnancies and increased population productivity.

Other studies are underway and there are implications that inbreeding, interbreeding and cross-breeding may have a much larger impact on what the Alaska Fish and Game report was concerned about, i.e. that this causes multiple pregnancies and multiple litters within packs and adjoining packs.

The reality is we don’t know enough to be able to make a strong scientific determination. The concern for everyone should be that forcing wolves into settled landscapes and protecting them in those locations may be causing the most harm and puts at risk the protection of the wolf in the long term. With continued cross-breeding, the existence of any “pure” wolves will, in time, diminish and possibly disappear. These events change conventional wolf behavior.

To call the existence of large wolf packs rare and multiple litters as uncommon, may soon become a thing of the past if efforts are not put in place to severely limit the cross-breeding of mongrel dogs with wolves.


To Protect Mongrel “Red Wolves” Judge Bans Coyote Hunting

A federal judge in North Carolina on Tuesday ordered a stop to coyote hunting near the world’s only wild population of endangered red wolves because the animals look so similar and are easily confused.<<<Read More>>>

“the animals look so similar and are easily confused” because they were mongrel dogs when so-called red wolves were introduced into North Carolina. Now there are so many coyotes and so few fake red wolves, they’ve all interbred. The similarities exist because the wild dogs have the same DNA. Buy a clue! Get over it!


The Joke About Red Wolves

People first must understand that North Carolina’s population of “red wolves” are fake. In other words they are a hybrid concoction that some dweeb in government labeled a pure red wolf for political reasons and nothing to do with science. Then they took this hybrid mutt, with a fake name and created in captivity, and dumped it into the Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge. They then set up a management zone, declared the “Heinz 57” mutt an Endangered Species and wolf worshipers everywhere soaked their bibs in drool.

However, North Carolina has changed they hunting rules for coyotes and now allow coyotes to be hunted and this is putting the undies of wolf perverts in a bunch. Hybrid red wolves and hybrid coyotes, interbreeding and have been for the most part, look a lot alike. Who’d a thought it?

The real Joke of the Day, however, is found in an article sent to me online at Courthouse News Service.

They claim the hunting harms and harasses red wolves by disrupting population dynamics and breeding habits of red wolves and coyotes, and increasing interbreeding between the species.
To prevent wolves interbreeding with coyotes – another threat to the wolf population – the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service sterilizes coyotes that have territories in red wolf habitat. Shooting of sterilized coyotes also harms the native red wolf population by undermining coyote population control efforts, according to the lawsuit.

You can’t make this stuff up. First the claim is that hunting increases interbreeding between coyotes and fake red wolves. And then it’s really, fall out of your chair funny, that the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is wasting your tax dollars sterilizing coyotes so they won’t breed with a hybrid, half-tame mutt. One would think that if you didn’t want a coyote breeding with a fake wolf, kill the damned coyote….Ok, ok! Kill the damned fake wolf.

Isn’t this really more about plain old predator protection? Rational thinking would tell us that if there ever was to be a snowball’s chance in hell of recovering red wolves, you have to find a way to kill off the invasive species, i.e. the coyotes.

This is also a sample of what’s to come in those places the wolf perverts want to dump their nasty, disease-infested dogs and where coyotes now roam.

What a typical governmental joke…..just like everything else governmental. What’s next affordable care for animals? Give me a break!